Chapter 8 (Garrison Text)
Activity-Based Costing: An instrument to Aid Decision Making
1 . Explain the major variations between activity-based costing and a traditional costing system. 2 . Distinguish between device level, batch-level, product-level, customer-level, and organization-sustaining activities 3. Assign costs to price pools by using a first-stage allocation. 4. Compute activity rates for price pools and explain how to be used to target process improvements. 5. Give costs into a cost object using a second-stage allocation. 6th. Prepare a survey showing activity-based costing item margins by an activity watch. 7. Prepare an action analysis report employing activity-based being data and interpret the report. 8. Use the made easier approach to calculate activity-based costs and margins.
ABC is actually a costing approach that is designed to give managers with cost info for proper and other decisions that possibly affect capacity and therefore " fixed” costs.
In the classic cost accounting system, the aim is to properly value stocks and expense of goods people paid external economical reports. In activity-based priced at, the objective is usually to understand expense and the success of products and customers. The main differences are: 1 . non-manufacturing as well as developing costs may be assigned to products. 2 . Some production costs could possibly be excluded from product costs. 3. There are a variety of over head cost private pools, each which is invested in products and additional costing items using its own unique way of measuring activity. 4. The portion bases frequently differ from individuals used in traditional costing systems. 5. The overhead costs, or activity rates, may be based on the level of activity at capacity instead of on the budgeted level of activity.
In traditional cost accounting, only mfg. costs are assigned to products. Advertising, general, and administrative expenses are remedied as period expenses and are not designated to items. Under ABC, however , non-manufacturing costs including commissions, paid to salespersons, shipping costs, and warranty repair costs, which can easily traced to individual goods are as part of the product costs. On the other hand and despite the classic cost accounting, some production costs that are not caused by the items (i. elizabeth., security guard's wage), usually do not participate in merchandise costing under ABC. A cost is given to a item only if there exists good reason to trust that the expense would be affected by decisions about the product.
In Traditional price accounting, predetermined overhead costs are computed by dividing budgeted overhead costs by a way of measuring budgeted activity such as budgeted direct labor-hours. This practice results in applying the costs of unused, or perhaps idle, capacity to products, and it ends in unstable product product costs. In FONEM, however , goods are recharged for the expense of capacity they use. Quite simply, the costs of idle potential are not billed to items. This brings about more steady unit costs and is consistent with the objective of assigning simply those costs to items that are truly caused by the merchandise.
Basic actions that often must be taken by the ABC staff to put into action activity primarily based costing: 1 . Identify and define activities and activity pools*.
2 . Wherever possible immediately traced costs to actions and expense objects. 3. Assign costs to activity cost pools.
4. Calculate activity costs.
5. Assign costs to cost items using the activity rates and activity procedures. 6. Make management information.
* A helpful way to think about activities and how to combine these people is to plan them in five general levels: product level, batch level, item level, buyer level, and organization-sustaining activities. Unit-level activities are performed each time a unit is developed, i. elizabeth. power to manage processing tools. Batch-level actions are performed each time a set is managed...